Cummins Heater Grid Delete

Heater Grid Delete Pros, Cons, & Information

The 5.9L Cummins does not have glow plugs, but rather a single heating element mounted between the air horn and intake manifold referred to as the "heater grid" or "grid heater". The heater grid is a resistive heating unit that operates on similar principles as a traditional glow plug system. The heater grid is primarily a cold starting aid, used accordingly when the engine is cold to allow quicker starts. As the ambient temperature decreases, the efforts of the heater grid become increasingly more important. The heater grid doubles as an emissions control device, promoting complete combustion and reduced smoke while the engine is cold. The heater grid is cycled when the ignition key is turned to the "run" position and the ambient temperature is at or below 59° F. The system will continue to cycle intermittently while the engine is cold. Above 59° F, the heater grid will not cycle.

 

In addition to being a cold starting aid, the grid heater on the 5.9L Cummins reduces emissions while the engine is cold due to the fact that more complete combustion occurs with heated air than air at ambient temperature, particularly while the engine is below operating temperature. The secondary benefit is reduced cylinder washing (wet stacking) while the engine is cold and therefore less fuel dilution during the warm up process.

Heater Grid Cycle Times

The following chart outlines the operation of the grid heater on the 5.9L Cummins diesel.

Intake Air Temperature

Heater Grid Cycle Time

Post-heat Cycle (engine running)

>59° F

No cycle

none

59° F - 15° F

~ 10 seconds

yes

15° F - 0° F

~ 15 seconds

yes

<0° F

~ 30 seconds

yes

 

Heater Grid Deletes for Cummins Diesels

The heater grid is not a particularly restrictive device, although it can be removed in favor of increased airflow, less air turbulence, and therefore the potential for more power. A heater grid delete is a machined or cast spacer designed to replace the heater grid between the intake manifold and air horn. The modification is not permanent and can always be reversed by simply reinstalling the heater grid. As such, this modification is something Cummins owners can try, test, and remove if the results are unsatisfactory - the heater grid delete spacers are not particularly expensive. Many suggest that performing a heater grid delete can yield measurable increases in boost.

The disadvantages of deleting the heater grid include:

Difficult cold starts - The heating grid is a cold starting aid. While an engine may still start at low temperatures without the heater grid, it will be more difficult to start and the engine will take longer to reach operating temperature. The heater grid reduces starting effort in ambient temperatures below 59° F.

Cylinder washing during warm up - Low intake air temperatures, combustion temperatures, and increased warm up times will increase the likelihood and severity of wet stacking while the engine is cold.

While the modification is recommended for high performance applications and/or warm weather use, it's a relatively simply upgrade with the potential to increase performance. Actual horsepower/torque gains will vary considerably, with heavily modified engines benefiting to a higher degree.